What are the differences between a racing car and a road car?

If you’ve been keeping up with the 2019 Touring Car Championship, you may have been wondering exactly what it is that separates a road car from a racing car. Luckily, Kwik Fit have created an excellent infographic and a video which compares the differences.

I personally had no idea just how different these two types of cars were until I examined this information. For example, racing cars need to be as light as possible- so they can be as fast as possible. Every single technical aspect is considered, from the interior to the brakes and gearbox, and engine. Everything is stripped from the inside car, removing the comfortable, stylish conveniences we take for granted in road cars.

For example, if you were to compare a 2019 Toyota Corolla road car with a BTCC Toyota Corolla, you’d find that while the road car can only reach 112 mph, the max speed of the race car is 150 mph.

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While the Toyota Corolla weighs in at 1735kg, the BTCC Toyota Corolla weighs just 1280kg- almost 500kg less.

Both cars have a 2.0L engine, however the BTCC has 360+ BHP because it needs to be able to generate a lot of power as quickly as possible. The road car has just a 180 BHP, and has been designed to be used completely differently- with safety and comfort top of mind.

While the road car has a six-speed manual gearbox, the BTCC has an Xtrac 6-speed sequential-model. This makes it as quick as possible to push it forward and pull it back. As mentioned, the BTCC has the interior completely stripped so it can be as light as possible, and also features a bespoke steering wheel setup. The goal is to get as much air as possible running through the car so it can stay cool. The road car version is completely different, with the modern interior focusing on style and comfort.

The BTCC model is also equipped with a multi-adjustable double wishbone suspension system. However, the road car simply has a Macpherson strut front suspension option with shock absorbers- perfect for everyday driving.

What do you think of these differences? Were you surprised at all? Leave a comment below and let me know.

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